The Holy Spirit has to be something other than a force/power and He is
Q. Is Jesus and the Holy Spirit God?
A. Yes and the Scriptures are very clear about that but there are many believers who have a different idea on this concept called the "trinity" but I believe the Scriptures are very clear about it.
Contrary to current belief, there were ancient Jewish views on this that is very consistent with how the Trinity is viewed today in Christianity and it was not considered as idolatry or a violation of the Shema in Deut. 6.4.
There was a very interesting teaching on the Hebrew letter "shin" which has three heads and there are other teachings, as Christianity developed a theology about this concept, the Jewish view would take the opposite view and that was true with many such teachings. Where Judaism taught something, Christian theology would counter with something different and vice versa.
But, with all that said, let’s look at this concept.
We’ll start in Acts 5.3 where Peter is telling Ananias that he has lied to the Holy Spirit.
Now, if the Holy Spirit was just a "force" or a "power" how could Peter say he lied to an "it?"
You can’t lie to a force/power.
You also were to be baptized in the name of the Holy Spirit (Matt 28.19) and you can’t be immersed in the name of a force/power.
So, the Holy Spirit has to be something other than a force/power and He is.
In Eph 5.30 it says that the Spirit can be "grieved, in Acts 13.2 the Holy Spirit "speaks."
In John 2Cor 3.17 and John 4.14 the Lord is called "Spirit" so that isn’t inconsistent.
In Rom 8.26 He intercedes for us, and is called God in Acts 5.4,Genesis 1.2, Psalm 139.7 and 1 Cor 12.11.
God is spoken of in the plural many times like in Gen 1.26, Isa 6.8.
In Jer 30.5 it says that the Lord says "I have heard " but it should be "We have heard."
You can see all three together in Isa 48.16 and Matt 3.16-17.
In Ecc 12.1 it says "creator" but it should read "creators" and in Job 35.10 "maker" should read "makers" and the list goes on and on.
Yeshua is called God in John 20.27 and Phil 2.5.
When you read the beginning of many epistles Yeshua is listed as a co-equal with the Father and if He isn’t that is blasphemy.
So, what does all this mean?
God is one in essence (His being), distinct in "persons," not some multi-faceted manifestation of one being, or "person" if you will. In Jewish mystical teachings like Kabbalah, this multi-faceted concept of one Person is taught through the idea of the ten "Sephirot" or "emanations" but this is just man’s feeble attempt to explain the Godhead.
The Father is unique (Dan 7.13), the Son is unique (Psa 40.7-8) and the Spirit is unique (Rom 8.26).
All possess a full, equal share of the status of Deity (Mt 28.19-20, Gen 1.26, 2 Cor 13.14).
All three have been revealed uniquely in Scripture as God, with Father in Deut 4.35, the Son in Titus 2.13 and the Spirit in Acts 5.4.
His nature is the composition of His essence, or being, having been revealed as infinite, a spirit, immeasurable, omniscient, all powerful, omnipresent and so on.
His character is the "traits" of His essence, or being, having been revealed to us as perfect, holy, good, just, merciful, truth sovereign, love, light to name just a few.
Next week we will continue with this concept in further detail and hopefully "pull" all this together to give you a better idea of who God really is according to His own description of Himself as found in the Scriptures.
Please study the verses already given so that it can be built upon next week.